Export of technical engineering services
Today, the supply of technical and engineering power and the implementation of various projects in various industries has found a significant role in the exchanges between countries and strengthening their economic relations. Technical and engineering services, which are one of the main pillars of the economic development of countries, are a set of methods and tools that provide the possibility of providing goods and services in the society with the optimal use of resources and production factors including capital, raw materials and human power. Despite the fact that the provision of technical and engineering services can be confined within the borders of a country or enter the international markets of other countries. In the third millennium, the export of technical and engineering services will play a major role in global exchanges, because in today’s world, many services are exportable and science, knowledge and experience have become a valuable exchangeable product. Now, the transfer of information and negotiation for participation in international exhibitions and participation in tenders has made the marketing of goods and services especially in technical and engineering fields smooth. Because, this knowledge has international and global standards. By creating multi-purpose internet databases, it is possible to expose the description of services, characteristics of goods and operational facilities of technical and engineering companies and their capabilities to the world, an action that in the past was expensive, difficult and sometimes impossible for Iranian exporters, even to a very limited extent. The added value that exists in the export of technical and engineering services, along with the increasing need of the world economy for construction and infrastructure development, is a global opportunity and for Iran, which has significant human capital, it is considered a great opportunity to Planning and managing the export of technical and engineering services to increase its benefit from international opportunities. Another necessity is to pay special attention to the export of technical and engineering services, support domestic manufacturers and use the large capitals that have been invested in the country in the past years. In this article, the importance of exporting technical and engineering services and the need to pay attention to it is stated
The importance of exporting technical and engineering services
The development of the export of technical and engineering services, in addition to the prosperity of production and services, is one of the most influential factors of development. Creation and support of scientific, technical and qualitative export associations and the use of high engineering technology with the aim of developing technology is one of the ways to achieve this issue, which can increase the process of knowledge-based economy at the managerial and technical levels, in addition to the development of services in the domestic economy. In this situation, due to its special strategic position in the region, our country can use the advantage of its neighborhood and cultural commonality with countries that have less technological power than our country, and create a suitable market by providing comprehensive planning for targeted presence. prioritize In Iran, the export of technical and engineering services began in 1373, and so far the government has taken many measures to facilitate its development, all of which have had a significant impact on the upward trend in the export of technical and engineering services. Technical Services)
What is meant by service export?
You must have heard a lot about the export of all kinds of goods. But few people have thought about exporting services. Meanwhile, in many countries, services account for a major part of their exports. Exporting services is a state in which you, as an exporter, undertake a project or economic activity abroad, which usually includes the design, management, construction and implementation of a specific plan. In this way, without leaving the goods, you have managed to earn foreign currency for the country. Therefore, this type of export itself is a subset of non-oil exports, where expertise and work are usually traded instead of goods. Our country used to be one of the major importers of technical and engineering services. So that most industrial plans, factories and oil and gas industries were carried out by foreign companies.
What are the advantages of exporting technical and engineering services?
The export of technical engineering services brings more benefits to the exporter than the export of goods. At the same time, the government has also tried in recent decades to
Different laws grant concessions to exporters in this area. Among these advantages,
the following can be mentioned:
Regional and global reputation for the exporter
Providing various banking facilities to exporters
Providing insurance facilities for exporters
Improving human resources skills
Government support in the field of marketing
Having other privileges for the export of non-oil goods
What are the problems of exporting technical and engineering services?
Despite the benefits of exporting in this area, the exporters of this area also face some challenges, of course, the government and policy makers of this area have tried to minimize these challenges. Among the problems of exporting technical and engineering services, the following can be mentioned:
Lack of experience in international marketing
Lack of familiarity with international laws
There are prominent competitors in this field
More cost for advertising and participating in tenders
Lack of familiarity with the conditions and characteristics of the relevant country
Problems related to settling and registering the company in the relevant country
What does the law on the export of technical engineering services say?
Gradually, due to the importance of this issue, the policy makers thought of drafting some laws and regulations in this regard. The most important law in this field is the executive regulation of support for exporters of technical and engineering services. This law was approved in 2012 following the government’s attention to the issue of service exports.
Regulations for supporting the export of technical and engineering services It is regulated in 20 articles that mention the protections and facilities intended for exporters. The aforementioned regulation consists of the following sections:
Definition and characteristics of the exporter of technical engineering services
Qualifying conditions for exporters
How to announce international tenders and international recovery
Facilities related to bank guarantees
Providing customs services
Other services intended for exporters
What are the institutions involved in the export of technical engineering services?
In general, there are some governmental and non-governmental institutions in the export, especially the export of technical and engineering services, that exporters can use the services and facilities provided by them. This facility may be in the form of financial facilities or other support. Regarding the export of engineering technical services, we will mention some of these institutions.
Technical and Engineering Services Export Commission, Chamber of Commerce, Iranian Technical and Engineering Services Exporters Association, Iranian Embassies and Consulates in different countries, Trade Development Organization, Joint Chamber of Commerce with different countries, Technical and Engineering Services Export Development Fund
How is the transfer of currency resulting from the export of services?
The transfer of currency from exports is one of the most important challenges for most exporters. This issue also exists for service exporters and they may face more uncertainties. However, the transfer of currency resulting from the export of services is different from the transfer of currency from the export of goods in only one or two cases.